Coaching Articles

Muscle Fibers, Genetics, and Training for Track and Field

Can training change muscle fibers? All individuals have different capacities to perform aerobic or anaerobic activity, partly based on muscle fiber composition. Not everyone is born with 50% slow-twitch fibers and 50% fast-twitch fibers. There is a wide variation of slow-twitch and fast-twitch muscle fibers types within each individual; some muscles have slow-twitch fibers, and …

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How do Athletes Improve Performance?

To change the training state of an athlete, they need to train more than they are accustomed to. However, for the adaptation to reset to a new and improved training state,  a recovery period is required after the overload. Adaptation Canadian biologist and endocrinologist Hans Selye described how people react to stress as the General Adaptation Syndrome …

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How much training is enough? The Overload Principle

What is Overload? Why Overload? Overload Overload requires high effort beyond the preparedness level of the athlete. Training requires some level of intensity beyond what the athlete’s preparedness level (homeostasis) to induce an adaptation. The correct dosage of exercise will challenge the athlete and place physiological strain on the body. After an overload, to stimulate …

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Video Analysis and Coaching Sports

Analyzing videos will help the coach and athlete govern the necessary technical modifications. Video sessions are most effective when the athlete understands the complex skill and knows what components need adjusting. Most athletes have many technical faults; using video will help coaches find and rank which technical areas to improve first.  Video and Targeted Skills …

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Journaling Goals

Journaling Goals and ProgressEvery athlete should be expected to maintain a training journal. The more detailed, the better, especially with performance indicators such as how fast, how far, and how high. The performance indicators should directly relate to the athlete’s goals.  A simple rating system for sleep, nutrition, energy levels, and performance will provide some …

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Coaching Strategies

5 Scientifically Proven Coaching Strategies #1 Coaching Strategy: Fix the Cause Focusing on the cause of the technical fault and not the effects of the fault will improve problem-solving for both the coach and athlete. Start at the beginning of a complex skill to seek out the error until the problem is found. For example, if …

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